Webinario Latinoamericano

Cría Intensiva, Bienestar Animal y Uso de Antibióticos

CALL TO LATIN AMERICAN GOVERNMENTS

to contain antibiotic resistance,

from food animal husbandry

WHEREAS:

1. That, worldwide, currently, about 75% of antibiotics are used in food animal husbandry[i] and that 17 countries from the Americas allow the use of antimicrobials as animal growth promoters, the highest number of countries reporting in any World Organisation for Animal Health region (OIE).[ii]

2. That, according to the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and the European Medicines Agency (EMA), «the stress associated with intensive, indoor, large-scale production may lead to an increased risk of livestock contracting disease.»[iii]

3. That the use of antibiotics in animal production leads to the dissemination, through untreated excreta, of antibiotic residues, multidrug-resistant bacteria and resistance genes in the environment, and that this violates our human right to food, water, health and life.

4. That the United Nations Inter-Agency Coordination Group on AMR (IACG) “notes that civil society groups have a particularly important role to play in the development of National Antimicrobial Resistance Action Plans” and calls for “provision of political, financial and technical support for civil society organizations to enhance their engagement, including for work with governments while keeping their independence.”[iv]     

5. That, given there is much work to be done for reducing antibiotic use in the agricultural sector as well as in the healthcare sector, the national action plans on AMR (NAPs) of our countries should be revised to address AMR in the food system more effectively.

WE REQUEST:

1. That, further to the World Health Organization’s recommendations (WHO), our countries adopt the complete restriction of the use of antibiotics of importance for human medicine in growth promotion and preventative purposes in food animals.[i]

2. That, further to the WHO’s recommendations, highest priority critically important antimicrobials for human medicine, such as colistin —a last-resort antibiotic for treating drug-resistant infections— should not be used to treat food-producing animals without a clinically diagnosed infectious disease.[ii]

3. That the labeling of feed used in animal husbandry whether it contains antibiotics or is antibiotic-free be approved, as well as the labeling of food of animal origin produced with and without the routine use of antibiotics, in order to facilitate consumer choice, until the ban on such uses go into effect. 

4. That, as suggested by the Bangkok Declaration,[iii] our countries establish for public procurement the requirement that food be produced without the routine use of antibiotics. Hospitals should take the lead, in order to be consistent with their mission.

5. That countries and intergovernmental agencies build transparent data systems about antibiotics sold/purchased and used by antibiotic and feed manufacturers, retailers and producers of food animals.

6. That countries build surveillance monitoring systems of antimicrobial residues, antibiotic-resistance genes (ARGs) and drug-resistant pathogens in food.

7. As part of a focus on bacterial resistance, that encourage low-impact waste management methods, particularly where wastewater or manure is being used as biofertilizer. This should include the development of new and practical methods for treatment of animal litter and manure prior to land application, as well as preventing the use of poultry litter in aquaculture.[iv][v]

8. That our countries establish as a requirement the submission of environmental management plans that consider the impacts of antibiotic contamination, multidrug-resistant bacteria and ARGs.   

9. That countries develop transition strategies towards healthy, sustainable and self-governing food production systems, that ensure animal welfare, in accordance with the principles established by the FARMS Initiative.[vi] This should include the creation of a public fund to finance applied research and the needed technical-hygiene improvements   in the animal farms, as well as to sustain the economies of producers during the process.   

10. That, given the need to reduce the use of antimicrobials also in some crop production,[vii] countries should promote agroecological production, which combines the production of vegetables and animal husbandry, taking care of biodiversity and avoiding the use of chemical inputs.

11. Develop market regulation and incentive mechanisms for food producers and food buyers to promote supply chains for responsibly raised livestock and fish and drive the shift to healthy diets for humans and sustainable for the planet.[viii]

12. To enable civil society to do its part, develop a fund to finance civil society initiatives to address AMR, independently administered, financed with public sector resources, and capable of fostering national and regional, as well as cross-sectoral, action to address antimicrobial resistance.

Endorsed by,

ÚLTIMAS ADHESIONES
174 Nicolás Luciano Campoverde Arévalo Ecuador
173 Francisco Alvarellos Dies Argentina Nodo Patricios
172 Cecilia Diez Argentina
171 Telaraña Farmacéutica Colombia
170 Carlos Andrade Ecuador
169 Angel Bonilla Cortez Ecuador Colegio Médico Sucumbios
168 Soraya Barragán Soto Ecuador Wachachik Parteria Ecuador
167 Nydia Amador Costa Rica
166 Hugo Noboa Cruz Ecuador Fundación Salud Ambiente y Desarrollo
165 Leda Giannuzzi Argentina Universidad Nacional de La Plata, CONICET
164 Sonia Uema Argentina Centro de Información de Medicamentos (CIME), Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba
163 Jannet Juana Sánchez Callisaya Bolivia
162 Mariana Caffaratti Argentina
161 Nicole Bustamante Ecuador
160 Anabel Ley Hernández Mexico
159 Cátedra Libre de Soberanía Alimentaria 9 de Julio (CaLiSA 9 de Julio) Argentina
158 Monica Barrutia Argentina
157 Liliana Barajas Mexico
156 Mario Alberto Ramírez Camacho Mexico Centro de Información de Medicamentos y Farmacia Clínica - UADY
155 Miguel Gualoto Ecuador ALMAZ UNIVERSE
154 María Bernarda Ruilova Cueva Ecuador Universidad Técnica de Babahoyo
153 Daniela Antinucci Argentina
152 Silvana Figar Argentina Consejo de Epidemiología de la Sociedad Argentina de Medicina
151 Enrique Joffre Bolivia
150 Olquer Hugo Calle Guzmán Bolivia SENASAG
149 Luis Mendez Guatemala Programa de Medicina Comunitaria, Universidad Rafael Landívar
148 Blanca Calle Heras Ecuador
147 Antonio Flores Mejicano Guatemala
146 Fernando Arroyo Avilés Ecuador Terranimal
145 Liliam Diaz Quiroga Argentina
144 Marisol Peñaloza Ecuador Cultivando el Futuro
143 Anonymous El Salvador
142 Emanuel García Costa Rica Costarricense
141 LORENA ABADÍA.PATIÑO Venezuela UDO
140 Sofia Tapia Mena Ecuador
139 Ana Dávila Ecuador
138 Ålvaro José Restrepo Gaviria Colombia Extinction Rebellion Medellín
137 Guillermo Lombeyda davila Ecuador
136 Cristian Pacheco Ecuador
135 Carmen Saavedra Condori Bolivia Red de Salud Warnes
134 Juana Maria Freire Ecuador
133 Protección Animal Ecuador Ecuador PAE
132 Silvana Figar Argentina Consejo de Epidemiología Sociedad Argentina de Medicina
131 Isabel Amemiya Peru Escuela Nacional de Salud Publica - MINSA
130 Hans Labra Bassa Chile Antu kai Mawen
129 MARIA TERESA CUERVO DELGADO Colombia VETERINARIA PRODUCCION PRINARIA
128 Nilsa cielo Mora palomino Mexico
127 Eva Lucia Crespo Pesantes Ecuador
126 Gimena Tejada Rodriguez Peru
125 Juan Antonio Huaripata Colorado Peru

ADHESION

Llamado "Cría Intensiva, Bienestar Animal y Uso de Antibióticos"

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ENG

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ReAct Latinoamérica
174 firmas

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[i] World Animal Protection. Fueling the pandemic crisis. 2021. Available from: https://www.worldanimalprotection.ca/our-work/animals-farming/factory-farming-and-the-rise-of-superbugs#main-content

[ii] World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). OIE Annual Report on Antimicrobial Agents Intended for Use in Animals. Better Understanding of the Global Situation. Fourth report. Paris; 2020. Available from: https://www.oie.int/app/uploads/2021/03/a-fourth-annual-report-amr.pdf

[iii] European Medicines Agency and European Food Safety Authority. EMA and EFSA joint scientific opinion on measures to reduce the need to use antimicrobial agents in animal husbandry in the European Union, and the resulting impacts on food safety. EFSA J. 2017; 119: 1-245. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2017.4666

[iv] IACG. No Time to Wait: Securing the Future from Drug-resistant Infections. 2019. Available from: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/documents/no-time-to-wait-securing-the-future-from-drug-resistant-infections-en.pdf

[v] World Health Organization. WHO guidelines on use of medically important antimicrobials in food-producing animals. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2017. License: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO. Available from: https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/258970/9789241550130-eng.pdf

[vi] Ibidem.

[vii] Bangkok Declaration on AMR, food systems and farm. 2019. Available from: https://static1.squarespace.com/static/5c3784843c3a534eadd60de4/t/5d6e88f3f17ff60001eb36b3/1567525108668/Bangkok-Declaration.pdf

[viii] Ezuworie, et al. Proliferation of antibiotic-resistant microorganisms and associated genes during composting: An overview of the potential impacts on public health, management and future. Science of the Total Environment 2021;784: 147191

[ix] Ezzariai A, Hafidi M, Khadra A, et al. Human and veterinary antibiotics during composting of sludge or manure: Global perspectives on persistence, degradation, and resistance genes. Journal of Hazardous Materials 2018; 359: 465-481. Available at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304389418306459?via%3Dihub

[x] FARMS Initiative. Principles underlying responsible minimum standards. 2019: Available from: https://farms-initiative.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/PRINCIPLES-OF-RMS-COPYRIGHT-FARMS-INITIATIVE.pdf

[xi] Taylor, P., Reeder, R. Antibiotic use on crops in low and middle-income countries based on recommendations made by agricultural advisors.CABI Agric Biosci 1, 1 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s43170-020-00001-y

[xii] Intensive livestock farming is also a source of greenhouse gases. Therefore, the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), stipulated in the Paris Agreement, should include specific emission reduction targets, by reducing food waste, reducing consumption (in some social contexts) and transforming animal production systems.